Introduction of Hentenna

Link to Hentenna Applications

  "Hentenna" was developed by Japanese 6m Hams JE1DEU/JH1FCZ/ JH1YST   in 1970s.
  Finally they got new antenna  with good performance, however, it was difficult to explain why the performance is so good, or how it work basically at that time, besides there are many unusual properties. So they named it Hentenna, because, "Hen" means "strange" in Japanese. 
  Anyway, the antenna has good performance and many advantages, it was becoming very popular in Japan. Many of JA stations make it and enjoy their Ham life at Home or in a field. Some Japanese 6m beacon stations are using Hentenna based antenna actually.

  I got more than 400 hits using keyword by "Hentenna" on Japanese search engine, but, not many Hentenna information is available in English. I am very happy if we could share the good antenna with many people on the web. 

 1. Easy to make
3. Good performance           * Total performance is equivalent to 2-3 element Yagi-uda antenna,

  How to make Hentenna
General Formula Length For 6m
W =1/6 WL    1.0m
H = 1/2 WL    3.0m
S : about 1/10 WL 
Need to adjust (Points "a" and"b")
F : Feeding point  50 or 75 Ohm 
Feed here by coax cable direct (Balancer feed is preferable)
WL : Wave Length
  • Above formula is applicable from HF to UHF
  • W also applicable from 1/10 - 1/5 WL
    W:1/6 is the standard
Hentenna Basics
 1. Basically 1 WL Loop antenna 
 2. L1 works as 1 loop antenna 
 3. L2 works as matching section 
 4. Vertical long rectangle make more gain than ordinal square loop and less impedance. L2 helps the matching and low angle radiation. 
 5. 3D pattern is like shell of peanut
How to Adjust
1. Move "a" and "b" point to adjust 
  S1 >S Matching Frequency UP 
  S1 <S Frq DOWN ) 
2. Even matching point is fixed, SWR may higher than 1:1.5, Try to move points "a": S1 + little / "b": S1 - little  to find best position for SWR .
(This action makes balancer into hentenna !)

*  S1: Adjusted "S" Length

6m Hentenna parts example
1. Horizontal element 12mm diameter Aluminum pipe  1000mm x 2 
2. Vertical element 2mm diameter Stainless steel wire 3000mm x2
3. Feeding element 2mm diameter Copper wire           480 mm x2
4. Bite clip for "a" and "b" points To make adjustment easier
Assembly work
Make rectangular using parts 1, 2 and appropriate bolts, press connection terminals.
Make feeder elements using 3 and 4 and coax cable.
(You can use coax connector at "F" point)
Adjust Frequency and impedance moving point "a" and "b"

Remarks : You may use electric conduct materials for the antenna mast, as far as connecting center of horizontal elements. There is no problem to use none electric conduct mast, like FRP,  or using isolator for the joint points.

Link to Hentenna Applications